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1.1''This standard defines the terminology used in the standards prepared by the E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing. These nondestructive testing (NDT) methods include: acoustic emission, electromagnetic testing, gamma- and X-radiology, leak testing, liquid penetrant testing, magnetic particle testing, neutron radiology and gauging, ultrasonic testing, and other technical methods.

1.2''Committee E07 recognizes that the terms examination, testing, and inspection are commonly used as synonyms in nondestructive testing. For uniformity and consistency in E07 nondestructive testing standards, Committee E07 encourages the use of the terms examination or inspection and their derivatives when describing the application of nondestructive test methods. In a specific standard, either examination or inspection shall be used consistently throughout the document. Similarly, E07 encourages the use of the term test and its derivatives when referring to the body of knowledge of a nondestructive testing method. There are, however, appropriate exceptions when the term test and its derivatives may be used to describe the application of a nondestructive test, such as measurements which produce a numeric result (for example, when using the leak testing method to perform a leak test on a component, or an ultrasonic measurement of velocity). Additionally, the term test should be used when referring to the NDT method, that is, Radiologic Testing (RT), Ultrasonic Testing (UT), and so forth. (Example: Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to examine material to detect internal discontinuities.)

Note 1:''The following sentences clarify this policy and illustrate its use:

(a)''Nondestructive testing methods are used extensively for the examination or inspection of materials and components.

(b)''The E07 Committee on Nondestructive Testing has prepared many documents to promote uniform usage of the nondestructive testing methods that are applied to examine or inspect materials and components.

(c)''Radiologic Testing (RT) is often used to inspect material to detect internal discontinuities.

(d) Magnetic Particle Testing (MT), Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT), and Visual Testing (VT) are often used to examine the surface of a component.

(e)''The Bubble Leak Testing (BLT) method is sometimes used to leak test a pressure containing component to detect leaks.

(f) A guide for Nondestructive Testing of additively manufactured materials will describe several methods but a practice will focus on a single inspection method.

1.3''Section A defines terms that are common to multiple NDT methods, whereas the subsequent sections define terms pertaining to specific NDT methods.

1.4''As shown on the chart below, when a nondestructive examination or inspection produces an indication, the indication is subject to interpretation as false, nonrelevant, or relevant. If it has been interpreted as relevant, the necessary subsequent evaluation will result in the decision to accept or reject the material. With the exception of accept and reject, which retain the meaning found in most dictionaries, all the words used in the chart are defined in Section A.

1.5''This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

 

Document History

  1. ASTM E1316-21d


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Most Recent
  2. ASTM E1316-21c

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    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM E1316-21b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM E1316-21a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM E1316-21


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  6. ASTM E1316-20a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  7. ASTM E1316-20


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  8. ASTM E1316-19b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  9. ASTM E1316-19a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  10. ASTM E1316-19


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  11. ASTM E1316-18a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  12. ASTM E1316-18


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  13. ASTM E1316-17a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  14. ASTM E1316-17


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  15. ASTM E1316-16a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  16. ASTM E1316-16


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  17. ASTM E1316-15a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  18. ASTM E1316-15


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  19. ASTM E1316-14e1


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  20. ASTM E1316-14


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  21. ASTM E1316-13d


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  22. ASTM E1316-13c


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  23. ASTM E1316-13b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  24. ASTM E1316-13a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  25. ASTM E1316-13


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  26. ASTM E1316-12


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  27. ASTM E1316-11b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  28. ASTM E1316-11a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  29. ASTM E1316-11


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  30. ASTM E1316-10c


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  31. ASTM E1316-10b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  32. ASTM E1316-10a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  33. ASTM E1316-10


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  34. ASTM E1316-09a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  35. ASTM E1316-09


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  36. ASTM E1316-08a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  37. ASTM E1316-08


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  38. ASTM E1316-07c


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  39. ASTM E1316-07b


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  40. ASTM E1316-07a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  41. ASTM E1316-07


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  42. ASTM E1316-06a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  43. ASTM E1316-06


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  44. ASTM E1316-05


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Testing

    • Historical Version
  45. ASTM E1316-04a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  46. ASTM E1316-04


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  47. ASTM E1316-03


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

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  48. ASTM E1316-02a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  49. ASTM E1316-01


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  50. ASTM E1316-00a


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version
  51. ASTM E1316-00


    Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    • Historical Version