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Full Description

1.1 This test method covers the determination of the flash point of petroleum products in the temperature range from 40 to 360oC by a manual Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus or an automated Pensky-Martens closed-cup apparatus.

Note 1 - Flash point determination as above 250oC can be performed, however, the precisions have not been determined above this temperature. For residual fuels, precisions have not been determined for flash points above 100oC.

1.2 Procedure A is applicable to distillate fuels (diesel, kerosene, heating oil, turbine fuels), new lubricating oils, and other homogeneous petroleum liquids not included in the scope of Procedure B.

1.3 Procedure B is applicable to residual fuel oils, cutback residua, used lubricating oils, mixtures of petroleum liquids with solids, petroleum liquids that tend to form a surface film under test conditions, or are petroleum liquids of such kinematic viscosity that they are not uniformly heated under the stirring and heating conditions of Procedure A.

Note 2--Liquids having kinematic viscosities less than 5.5 mm 2/s (cSt) at 40oC (104oF), do not contain suspended solids, or do not have a tendency to form a surface film while under test conditions, can be tested in accordance with Test Method D56.

1.4 This test method is applicable for the detection of contamination of relatively nonvolatile or nonflammable materials with volatile or flammable materials.

1.5 The values stated in SI units shall be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazards statements, see 6.4, 7.1, 9.3, 9.4, 11.1.2, 11.1.4, and 12.1.2

 

Document History

  1. ASTM D93-20


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Most Recent
  2. ASTM D93-19


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM D93-18


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM D93-16a


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM D93-16


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  6. ASTM D93-15a


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  7. ASTM D93-15


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  8. ASTM D93-13e1


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  9. ASTM D93-13


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  10. ASTM D93-12


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  11. ASTM D93-11


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  12. ASTM D93-10a


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  13. ASTM D93-10


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  14. ASTM D93-09


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  15. ASTM D93-08


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  16. ASTM D93-07


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  17. ASTM D93-06


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  18. ASTM D93-02a


    Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  19. ASTM D93-02

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    Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  20. ASTM D93-97


    Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    • Historical Version
  21. ASTM D93-94


    Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

    • Historical Version
  22. ASTM D93-90e1


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

    • Historical Version
  23. ASTM D93-85


    Standard Test Method for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

    • Historical Version
  24. ASTM D93-80e1


    Standard Test Methods for Flash Point By Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

    • Historical Version
  25. ASTM D93-71


    Standard Method Of Test For Flash Point By Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

    • Historical Version