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About This Item

 

Full Description

1.1 This specification covers engine oils for light-duty and heavy-duty internal combustion engines used under a variety of operating conditions in automobiles, trucks, vans, buses, and off-highway farm, industrial, and construction equipment.

1.2 This specification is not intended to cover engine oil applications such as outboard motors, snowmobiles, lawn mowers, motorcycles, railroad locomotives, or oceangoing vessels.

1.3 This specification is based on engine test results that generally have been correlated with results obtained on reference oils in actual service engines operating with gasoline or diesel fuel. As it pertains to the API SL engine oil category, it is based on engine test results that generally have been correlated with results obtained on reference oils run in gasoline engine Sequence Tests that defined engine oil categories prior to 2000. It should be recognized that not all aspects of engine oil performance are evaluated by the engine tests in this specification. In addition, when assessing oil performance, it is desirable that the oil be evaluated under actual operating conditions.

1.4 This specification includes bench and chemical tests that help evaluate some aspects of engine oil performance not covered by the engine tests in this specification.

1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5.1 Exceptions: 

1.5.1.1 The roller follower shaft wear in Test Method D5966 is in mils.

1.5.1.2 The oil consumption in Test Method D6750 is in grams per kilowatthour.

Note 1: The kWh unit is deprecated. The preferred SI unit is the joule (J); 1 kWh = 3.6 MJ.

1.5.1.3 The bearing wear in Test Method D6709 is in grams and is described as weight loss, a non-SI term.

1.5.1.4 Some of the appendixes are verbatim from other sources, and non-SI units are included.

1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

 

Document History

  1. ASTM D4485-18a

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    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

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  2. ASTM D4485-18


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM D4485-16


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM D4485-15a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM D4485-15


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  6. ASTM D4485-14


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  7. ASTM D4485-11c


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  8. ASTM D4485-11b


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  9. ASTM D4485-11a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Active API Service Category Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  10. ASTM D4485-11


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  11. ASTM D4485-10a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  12. ASTM D4485-10


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  13. ASTM D4485-09


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  14. ASTM D4485-08


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  15. ASTM D4485-07a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  16. ASTM D4485-07


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  17. ASTM D4485-06a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  18. ASTM D4485-06


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  19. ASTM D4485-05a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  20. ASTM D4485-05e1


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  21. ASTM D4485-05


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  22. ASTM D4485-04


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  23. ASTM D4485-03a


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  24. ASTM D4485-03


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  25. ASTM D4485-02


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  26. ASTM D4485-01


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version
  27. ASTM D4485-00


    Standard Specification for Performance of Engine Oils

    • Historical Version