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Internationally and domestically, more attention is being focused on the environmental impact of systems that generate electricity as well as those that consume the electricity. In the United States, The Clean Air Act has forced reductions in power plant emissions that are contributing to potential global climate changes and acid rain. In addition, the Montreal Protocol has dictated an aggressive phase-out plan for chlorinated fluorocarbons (which directly affect the vast majority of installed cooling capacity throughout the world). Such environmental legislation has repercussions on both the electric supply-side and electric demand-side. The objective of this research project is to quantify the source energy consumed and the emissions produced as a result of energy used for space conditioning (both heating and cooling) a facility configured with various HVAC equipment options. The HVAC system options will include equipment directly serving loads (non-storage systems) as well as thermal energy storage based systems. Annual source energy and total emissions produced as a result of the various end-use technologies will be quantified.

PRINCAL INVESTIGATOR: Douglas T. Reindl, University of Wisconsin
CONDUCTED: April 1998 - January 1999
SPONSORED BY: TC 6.9, Thermal Storage