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1.1 This specification covers seven grades of diesel fuel suitable for various types of diesel engines. These grades are described as follows:

1.1.1 Grade No. 1-D S15-A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S15 fuel.2

1.1.2 Grade No. 1-D S500-A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S500 fuel.2

1.1.3 Grade No. 1-D S5000-A special-purpose, light middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 5000 ppm sulfur (maximum) and higher volatility than that provided by Grade No. 2-D S5000 fuels.

1.1.4 Grade No. 2-D S15-A general purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 15 ppm sulfur (maximum). It is especially suitable for use in applications with conditions of varying speed and load.2

1.1.5 Grade No. 2-D S500-A general-purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 500 ppm sulfur (maximum). It is especially suitable for use in applications with conditions of varying speed and load.2

1.1.6 Grade No. 2-D S5000-A general-purpose, middle distillate fuel for use in diesel engine applications requiring a fuel with 5000 ppm sulfur (maximum), especially in conditions of varying speed and load.

1.1.7 Grade No. 4-D-A heavy distillate fuel, or a blend of distillate and residual oil, for use in low- and medium-speed diesel engines in applications involving predominantly constant speed and load.

Note 1: A more detailed description of the grades of diesel fuels is given in X1.2.

Note 2: The Sxxx designation has been adopted to distinguish grades by sulfur rather than using words such as “Low Sulfur” as previously because the number of sulfur grades is growing and the word descriptions were thought to be not precise. S5000 grades correspond to the so-called “regular” sulfur grades, the previous No. 1-D and No. 2-D. S500 grades correspond to the previous “Low Sulfur” grades. S15 grades were not in the previous grade system and are commonly referred to as “Ultra-Low Sulfur” grades or ULSD.

1.2 This specification, unless otherwise provided by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier, prescribes the required properties of diesel fuels at the time and place of delivery.

1.2.1 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations which can be more restrictive.

Note 3: The generation and dissipation of static electricity can create problems in the handling of distillate diesel fuels. For more information on the subject, see Guide D4865.

1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

 

Document History

  1. ASTM D975-19b

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    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel

    • Most Recent
  2. ASTM D975-19a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM D975-19


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM D975-18a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM D975-18


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  6. ASTM D975-17a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  7. ASTM D975-17


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  8. ASTM D975-16a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  9. ASTM D975-16


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  10. ASTM D975-15c


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  11. ASTM D975-15b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  12. ASTM D975-15a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  13. ASTM D975-15


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  14. ASTM D975-14b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  15. ASTM D975-14a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  16. ASTM D975-14


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  17. ASTM D975-13a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  18. ASTM D975-13


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  19. ASTM D975-12a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  20. ASTM D975-12


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  21. ASTM D975-11b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  22. ASTM D975-11


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  23. ASTM D975-10c


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  24. ASTM D975-10b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  25. ASTM D975-10a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  26. ASTM D975-10


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  27. ASTM D975-09b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  28. ASTM D975-09a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  29. ASTM D975-09


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  30. ASTM D975-08ae1


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  31. ASTM D975-08a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  32. ASTM D975-08


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  33. ASTM D975-07b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  34. ASTM D975-07a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  35. ASTM D975-07


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  36. ASTM D975-06b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  37. ASTM D975-06a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  38. ASTM D975-06


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  39. ASTM D975-05


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  40. ASTM D975-04c


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  41. ASTM D975-04ce1


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  42. ASTM D975-04b


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  43. ASTM D975-04be1


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  44. ASTM D975-04a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  45. ASTM D975-04


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  46. ASTM D975-03


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  47. ASTM D975-02


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  48. ASTM D975-01a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  49. ASTM D975-01


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  50. ASTM D975-00


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  51. ASTM D975-98be1


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  52. ASTM D975-96a


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  53. ASTM D975-93


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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  54. ASTM D975-91


    Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

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