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Full Description

1.1 This test method covers the atmospheric distillation of petroleum products and liquid fuels using a laboratory batch distillation unit to determine quantitatively the boiling range characteristics of such products as light and middle distillates, automotive spark-ignition engine fuels with or without oxygenates (see Note 1), aviation gasolines, aviation turbine fuels, diesel fuels, biodiesel blends up to 20 %, marine fuels, special petroleum spirits, naphthas, white spirits, kerosines, and Grades 1 and 2 burner fuels.

Note 1: An interlaboratory study was conducted in 2008 involving 11 different laboratories submitting 15 data sets and 15 different samples of ethanol-fuel blends containing 25 % volume, 50 % volume, and 75 % volume ethanol. The results indicate that the repeatability limits of these samples are comparable or within the published repeatability of the method (with the exception of FBP of 75 % ethanol-fuel blends). On this basis, it can be concluded that Test Method D86 is applicable to ethanol-fuel blends such as Ed75 and Ed85 (Specification D5798) or other ethanol-fuel blends with greater than 10 % volume ethanol. See ASTM RR:D02-1694 for supporting data.2

1.2 The test method is designed for the analysis of distillate fuels; it is not applicable to products containing appreciable quantities of residual material.

1.3 This test method covers both manual and automated instruments.

1.4 Unless otherwise noted, the values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are provided for information only.

1.5 WARNING-Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Use Caution when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. The potential exists that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, is prohibited by local or national law. Users must determine legality of sales in their location.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

 

Document History

  1. ASTM D86-20b


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Most Recent
  2. ASTM D86-20a

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    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM D86-20


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM D86-19


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM D86-18


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  6. ASTM D86-17


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  7. ASTM D86-16a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  8. ASTM D86-16


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  9. ASTM D86-15


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products and Liquid Fuels at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  10. ASTM D86-12


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  11. ASTM D86-11b


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  12. ASTM D86-11a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  13. ASTM D86-11


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  14. ASTM D86-10a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  15. ASTM D86-10


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  16. ASTM D86-09e1


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  17. ASTM D86-09


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  18. ASTM D86-08a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  19. ASTM D86-08


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  20. ASTM D86-07b


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  21. ASTM D86-07a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  22. ASTM D86-07


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  23. ASTM D86-05


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  24. ASTM D86-04b


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  25. ASTM D86-04a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  26. ASTM D86-04


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  27. ASTM D86-03


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  28. ASTM D86-02


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  29. ASTM D86-01e1


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  30. ASTM D86-01


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  31. ASTM D86-00a


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    • Historical Version
  32. ASTM D86-96


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version
  33. ASTM D86-95


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version
  34. ASTM D86-93


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version
  35. ASTM D86-90e2


    Standard Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version
  36. ASTM D86-82e2


    Standard Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version
  37. ASTM D86-78


    Standard Method for Distillation Of Petroleum Products

    • Historical Version