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Thermodynamics is the study of energy, its transformations, and its relation to states of matter. This chapter covers the application of thermodynamics to refrigeration cycles. The first part reviews the first and second laws of thermodynamics and presents methods for calculating thermodynamic properties. The second and third parts address compression and absorption refrigeration cycles, two common methods of thermal energy transfer.

Chapter Table of Contents

  • First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic Analysis of Refrigeration Cycles
  • Equations of State
  • Calculating Thermodynamic Properties
  • Carnot Cycle
  • Theoretical Single-Stage Cycle Using a Pure Refrigerant or Azeotropic Mixture
  • Lorenz Refrigeration Cycle
  • Theoretical Single-Stage CycleUsing Zeotropic Refrigerant Mixture
  • Multistage Vapor Compression Refrigeration Cycles
  • Actual Refrigeration Systems
  • Ideal Thermal Cycle
  • Working Fluid Phase Change Constraints
  • Working Fluids
  • Absorption Cycle Representations
  • Conceptualizing the Cycle
  • Absorption Cycle Modeling
  • Ammonia/Water Absorption Cycles

Citation: 2005 ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals