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This report is the ninth in a series of reports presenting the results of the API Annual Refining Residual Survey. Included in the report are detailed assessments of generated quantities and management practices for 14 residual streams representing approximately 80 percent of all residuals managed at U.S. refineries. Prior to the 1997 survey, the management techniques had included recycling to the cat cracker, which referred to routing a residual to a catalytic cracking unit. Further study revealed that the quantity for residuals actually recycled to a cracking unit was very small-perhaps nonexistent-and was therefore deleted from the 1997 survey. Data for prior years were adjusted. Industry trend toward increased recycling of residuals has continued.