Hydraulic Fracturing Operations-Well Construction and Integrity Guidelines, First Edition
standard published 10/01/2009 by American Petroleum Institute
Most RecentPrint Edition$42.00English
Ships in 24-48 hoursSecure PDF$42.00English
1 file , 1.9 MB
Immediate downloadLanguage: English All Prices in USD
Maintaining well integrity is a key design principle and design feature of all oil and gas production wells. Maintaining well integrity is essential for the two following reasons.
1) To isolate the internal conduit of the well from the surface and subsurface environment. This is critical in protecting the environment, including the groundwater, and in enabling well drilling and production.
2) To isolate and contain the well's produced fluid to a production conduit within the well. Although there is some variability in the details of well construction because of varying geologic, environmental, and operational settings, the basic practices in constructing a reliable well are similar. These practices are the result of operators gaining knowledge based on years of experience and technology development and improvement. These experiences and practices are communicated and shared via academic training, professional and trade associations, extensive literature and documents and, very importantly, industry standards and recommended practices.