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Full Description

1.1 These test methods cover procedures and definitions for the mechanical testing of wrought and cast steels, stainless steels, and related alloys. The various mechanical tests herein described are used to determine properties required in the product specifications. Variations in testing methods are to be avoided, and standard methods of testing are to be followed to obtain reproducible and comparable results. In those cases in which the testing requirements for certain products are unique or at variance with these general procedures, the product specification testing requirements shall control.

1.2 The following mechanical tests are described:

Sections
Tension 5 to 13
Bend14
Hardness15
Brinell16
Rockwell17
Portable18
Impact19 to 28
Keywords29

1.3 Annexes covering details peculiar to certain products are appended to these test methods as follows:

Annex
Bar ProductsA1.1
Tubular ProductsAnnex A2
FastenersAnnex A3
Round Wire ProductsAnnex A4
Significance of Notched-Bar Impact TestingAnnex A5
Converting Percentage Elongation of Round Specimens to Equivalents for Flat SpecimensAnnex A6
Testing Multi-Wire StrandAnnex A7
Rounding of Test DataAnnex A8
Methods for Testing Steel Reinforcing BarsAnnex A9
Procedure for Use and Control of Heat-Cycle SimulationAnnex A10

1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.

1.5 When this document is referenced in a metric product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in inch-pound (ksi) units then converted into SI (MPa) units. The elongation determined in inch-pound gage lengths of 2 or 8 in. may be reported in SI unit gage lengths of 50 or 200 mm, respectively, as applicable. Conversely, when this document is referenced in an inch-pound product specification, the yield and tensile values may be determined in SI units then converted into inch-pound units. The elongation determined in SI unit gage lengths of 50 or 200 mm may be reported in inch-pound gage lengths of 2 or 8 in., respectively, as applicable.

1.6 Attention is directed to Practices A 880 and E 1595 when there may be a need for information on criteria for evaluation of testing laboratories.

1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

 

Document History

  1. ASTM A370-14


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Most Recent
  2. ASTM A370-13


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  3. ASTM A370-12a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  4. ASTM A370-12


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  5. ASTM A370-11a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  6. ASTM A370-11


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  7. ASTM A370-10


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  8. ASTM A370-09a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  9. ASTM A370-09ae1


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  10. ASTM A370-09


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  11. ASTM A370-08b


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  12. ASTM A370-08a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  13. ASTM A370-08


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  14. ASTM A370-07b


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  15. ASTM A370-07a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  16. ASTM A370-07


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  17. ASTM A370-06


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  18. ASTM A370-05


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  19. ASTM A370-03a

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    viewing


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  20. ASTM A370-03


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  21. ASTM A370-02e1


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  22. ASTM A370-02


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  23. ASTM A370-01


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  24. ASTM A370-97a


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  25. ASTM A370-94


    Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    • Historical Version
  26. ASTM A370-68


    Standard Methods And Definitions For Mechanical Testing Of Steel Products

    • Historical Version